Daily Current Affairs (English) - 07.03.2018


India & World


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Agreement between India and Malaysia on Medicine

The Government of India and the Government of Malaysia have signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on cooperation in the field of Traditional Systems of Medicine on 27th October, 2010. This information was given by the Minister of State (Independent Charge) for AYUSH, Shri Shripad Yesso Naik in written reply to a question in Rajya Sabha on 6th March.

The salient features of the MoU are as follows:

  • Cooperation for the promotion of traditional medicine including the regulation for teaching, practice, drugs and drugless therapies of Traditional Systems of Medicine.
  • Exchanging experts for training of practitioners, paramedics, scientists, teachers and students in Traditional Systems of Medicine.
  • Accommodating interested practitioners, paramedics and students in institutions for educational and training programmes on Traditional Medicine
  • Mutual recognition of Ayurveda, Unani, Siddha, Pharmacopeia of Indian and the Malaysian Herbal Pharmacopoeia
  • Setting up of Academic Chairs on Traditional Systems of Medicine.

As per Section 24(1) of Traditional & Complimentary Medicine (T&CM) Act 2016 of Govt. of Malaysia, a person who is registered as a practitioner outside Malaysia can temporarily register with T&CM Council of the Malaysia subject to conditions and restrictions of the Council.


National


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Tribal Health Care Research Programme

The Central Council for Research in Ayurvedic Science has initiated Tribal Health Care Research Programme in 14 States through 15 Institutes under the Council.This information was given by the Minister of State (Independent Charge) for AYUSH, Shri Shripad Yesso Naik in written reply to a question in Rajya Sabha on 6th March.

The aim & objectives of THCRP are as under:

  • To Study the living conditions of tribal people
  • To Collect information related to health statistics
  • To study dietetic habits, nature and frequency of prevalent diseases, use of common medicinal plants in the area
  • To provide medical aid at the door steps of tribals.
  • To propagate knowledge about Ayurvedic concept of Pathyapathya including hygiene habits, dietary practice.
  • To prevent diseases by adopting healthy way of living & clean environment (Swachhata)
  • To collect LHTs/folk medicines/ traditional practices prevalent in the area.

Economy


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E-Way Bill System :Participation of States

All States have joined the Government’s centralized e-way bill system for inter-State transport of goods by road under the GST regime. Accordingly, the Government, on the recommendations of the GST Council, appointed the 1st day of February, 2018, as the date from which the provisions of the e-way bill rules shall come into force for inter-State movement of goods.

  • However, in view of the difficulties faced by the trade in generating the e-way bill due to initial technological glitches, it was decided by the GST Council to extend the trial phase for generation of e-way bills, both for Inter-State and Intra-State movement of goods.
  • As per the decision of the GST Council, the States may choose any date before 1st June, 2018 for implementing the national e-way bill system for Intra-State movement of goods but all States shall implement it latest by 1st June, 2018. This would be done by exercising the powers under Rule 138A(5) of CGST/SGST Rules, 2017 jointly by the Central Government and the respective State Governments.
  • This was stated by Shri Shiv Pratap Shukla, Minister of State for Finance in written reply to a question in Rajya Sabha on 6th March.

Environment


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Tiger conservation and global standards

  • According to recent survey ,which was conducted over hundred tiger conservation areas by 11 leading conservation organisations and countries with tiger ranges , only 13% of tiger conservation areas that are part of Conservation Assured Partnership meet global standards.
  • The survey found that at least one-third of tiger conservation are severely at risk of losing their tigers and most of these sites are in Southeast Asia. The surveyed area is home to approximately 70% of the world’s wild tigers.
  • Their basic needs such as encroachment against poaching, engaging local communities and managing conflict between people and wildlife remained weak for all surveyed areas.
  • Despite poaching being one of greatest threats faced by big cats, 85% of the areas surveyed do not have the staff capacity to patrol sites effectively.