Daily Current Affairs (English) - 10.04.2018


Eighth Regional 3R Forum

  • In 2009, the Regional 3R Forum in Asia was established at Japan’s proposal as a platform for broad cooperation on promotion of the 3Rs – reduce, reuse and recycle – in Asia. After the fourth forum, the name was changed to Regional 3R Forum in Asia and the Pacific.
  • The 8th Regional 3R Forum in Asia and the Pacific is co-organized by the Ministry of Housing and Affairs, Government of India, the Ministry of the Environment of the Government of Japan (MOEJ), and the United Nations Centre for Regional Development (UNCRD).
  • The Indore Municipal Corporation, Government of Madhya Pradesh, and Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) have been designated as the City Partner, Organizing State Partner and Industry Partner.
  • Forum members hold discussions on policies, provided support for the implementation of 3R projects in member countries, shared useful information, and are building networks for the further promotion of 3R initiatives.
  • Japan hosted the inaugural Regional 3R Forum in Tokyo in 2009, and has cosponsored subsequent Forums together with the governments of host countries and the United Nations Centre for Regional Development (UNCRD).
  • UNCRD’s interventions in developing countries are clustered under three main thematic interrelated and complementary areas of work – (a) Integrated Regional Development Planning; (b) Sustainable Urban Management; and (c) Knowledge Management.

Walmiki and Malhar, two new languages discovered

Researchers have discovered two new languages- Walmiki and Malhar.

  • Walmiki is spoken in Koraput of Odisha and on the bordering districts of Andhra Pradesh. Walmiki is an isolate language i.e. it does not belong to a family of languages. The name of the language is also interesting and indicative because the speech community claims descent from the great Indian saint-poet Valmiki.
  • Malhar is spoken in a remote and isolated hamlet which is almost 165 km from Bhubaneswar. The community consists of about 75 speakers including children. It belongs to the North Dravidian subgroup of the Dravidian family of languages and has close affinities with the other North Dravidian languages like Malto and Kurux spoken in West Bengal, Jharkhand and Bihar.

In a major finding, UoH professor Panchanan Mohanty claims to have discovered two new languages — Walmiki and Malhar. While Walmiki is spoken in the district of Koraput, Malhar is in use in a small remote hamlet about 165 km from Bhubaneswar. Both are spoken by extremely small groups of people. As of now, Malhar is found to be spoken by just 75 people whereas it is expected that there are 1,300 speakers of Walmiki, who claim their descent from the poet Valmiki.

“Reduce, Reuse, Recycle”: PM Modi

Prime Minister Narendra Modi has said to the participants that all stakeholders must adhere to the “golden principle” of the 3Rs — Reduce, Reuse and Recycle — which will significantly help in waste management and sustainable development.

  • The theme of the event at Indore is ‘Achieving Clean Water, Clean Land, and Clean Air through 3R and Resource Efficiency A 21st-Century Vision for Asia-Pacific Communities‘.
  • It will be inaugurated by Lok Sabha Speaker Sumitra Mahajan and Housing and Urban Affairs Minister Hardeep Singh Puri on April 10 and end on April 12.

8th Theatre Olympics concludes in Mumbai

After a glorious run of 51 days across 17 cities of India, the historic event 8th Theatre Olympics drew to a colorful close in Mumbai today. The Chief Minister of Maharashtra, Shri Devendra Fadnavis was the Chief Guest at the closing ceremony.

  • Union Minister of State (Independent Charge), Ministry of Culture, Dr. Mahesh Sharma and eminent theatre and film personality Shri Nana Patekar were Guests of Honour.
  • Addressing the gathering, the Union Culture Minister said that the 8th Theatre Olympics aimed to showcase the rich heritage and culture across the length and breadth of the country. He expressed satisfaction at the success of the event, which he recalled witnessed 450 shows from more than 30 countries performed across 17 Indian cities.
  • He said that given the immense diversity of the country, how India remains united is a matter of wonder for many other countries with limits rich heritage and culture.

Manas National Park

  • Manas National Park is a national park, UNESCO Natural World Heritage site, a Project Tiger reserve, an elephant reserve and a biosphere reserve in Assam, India.
  • Located in the Himalayan foothills, it is contiguous with the Royal Manas National Park in Bhutan.
  • The Manas river flows thorough the west of the park and is the main river within it. It is a major tributary of Brahmaputra river and splits into two separate rivers, the Beki and Bholkaduba as it reaches the plains.
  • The Manas river also serves as an international border dividing India and Bhutan.
  • The bedrock of the savanna area in the north of the park is made up of limestone and sandstone, whereas the grasslands in the south of the park stand on deep deposits of fine alluvium.
  • The combination of Sub-Himalayan Bhabar Terai formation along with the riverine succession continuing up to Sub-Himalayan mountain forest make it one of the richest areas of biodiversity in the world.
  • The park is well known for species of rare and endangered wildlife that are not found anywhere else in the world like the Assam roofed turtle, hispid hare, golden langur and pygmy hog.

New type of antibiotics to fight drug resistance

Researchers have discovered a new class of antibiotics- Odilorhabdins.

  • Called odilorhabdins, or ODLs, the antibiotics are produced by symbiotic bacteria found in soil-dwelling nematode worms that colonise insects for food. The bacteria help to kill the insect, and secrete the antibiotic to keep competing bacteria away.
  • ODLs act on the ribosome — the molecular machine that makes proteins cells needed to function — of bacterial cells. When bound to the ribosome, the antibiotic disrupts its ability to interpret and translate genetic code.
  • When ODLs are introduced to the bacterial cells, they impact the reading ability of the ribosome and cause the ribosome to make mistakes when it creates new proteins,” said Mankin. “This miscoding corrupts the cell with flawed proteins and causes the bacterial cell to die.
  • Odilorhabdins is unique and promising on two fronts: its unconventional source and its distinct way of killing bacteria, both of which suggest the compound may be effective at treating drug-resistant or hard-to-treat infections.

Ganga Hariteema Yojana launched in 27 districts of Uttar Pradesh

The Uttar Pradesh Government launched the Ganga Hariteema Yojana, also known as Ganga Greenery scheme, on April 7 in the 27 districts of Uttar Pradesh that are located on the bank of river Ganga.

  • CM Yogi Adityanath launched the scheme at Allahabad in a function organized on the bank of Sangam, the confluence of rivers of Ganga, Yamuna, and mythical Saraswati.
  • The scheme aims to enhance the green cover in the catchment areas of the river Ganga and to control the land erosion. Under the scheme, the plantation will be carried out in one-kilometer areas from the banks of the river.

The “Desert Tiger 5” ends between UAE and Malaysian Armed Forces

  • The military exercise was implemented within the framework of the UAE leadership's continued desire "to support and create unique partnerships between both countries in all areas".
  • The United Arab Emirates (UAE) and Malaysia concluded joint military exercise “Desert Tiger 5” aimed at sharing expertise and enhancing joint military actions in Dubai, UAE.
  • The drill was also aimed at raising the level of performance and combat efficiency and working together based on a strategy to improve the overall ability and combat readiness of the ground forces.

RBI dumps GVA model, switches back to GDP

  • The Reserve Bank has switched back to the gross domestic product (GDP)-based measure to offer its growth estimates from the gross value added (GVA) methodology, citing global best practices.
  • The government had started analyzing growth estimates using GVA methodology from January 2015 and had also changed the base year to 2018 from January.
  • While GVA gives a picture of the state of economic activity from the producers’ side or supply side, the GDP model gives the picture from the consumers’ side or demand perspective.

Anushka Sharma to be honored with the Dadasaheb Phalke Excellence Award

Anushka Sharma, who recently wrapped up the Delhi schedule of her upcoming film opposite Varun Dhawan, will be bestowed with the prestigious Dadasaheb Phalke Excellence Awards. Apart from acting, Anushka is one of the few actresses, who is also a successful Bollywood producer.

  • Along with her brother Karnesh Sharma, she has backed films like the critically-acclaimed ‘NH10’, ‘Phillauri’ and the recently-released ‘Pari’.
  • Anushka has always tried to make movies that are content-driven and those which promote fresh talent. No wonder, recognizing this contribution to Indian cinema, the Dadasaheb Phalke Foundation has decided to honor her with the award.

CWG 2018: India clinch gold in women’s Table Tennis

  • After India won it’s seventh gold via the women’s table tennis team beating Singapore 3-1, India experienced a super Sunday as the country added another six medals at the Commonwealth Games in Gold Coast.
  • That took India’s medal tally to 12. The day started with two gold and a silver in weightlifting and shooting.
  • In the 10m air pistol women’s event, India’s teen sensation Manu Bhaker shot gold while the experienced senior Heena Sindhu took the silver.
  • In the men’s 10m air rifle final, India’s Ravi Kumar won the bronze. From the weightlifting arena, Punam Yadav took the gold in the 69kg category. Later, in the men’s 94kg category, Vikas Thakur won a bronze.