Daily Current Affairs (English) - 12.05.2018

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http://www.iasexamcentre.com/community/images/arrow.jpgThe Bangabandhu Satellite-1

It is the first Bangladeshi geostationary communications satellite. It was launched on May 11, 2018. The project is being implemented by Bangladesh Telecommunication Regulatory Commission (BTRC).

  • The Bangabandhu Satellite-1 mission will be the first to utilize Falcon 9 Block 5, the final substantial upgrade to SpaceX’s Falcon 9 launch vehicle. Falcon 9 Block 5 is designed to be capable of 10 or more flights with very limited refurbishment as SpaceX continues to strive for rapid reusability and extremely high reliability.
  • Bangabandhu is Bangladesh’s first communications satellite. Built by Thales Alenia Space, a Franco-Italian aerospace manufacturer, it is designed to provide a wide range of broadcast and communication services throughout the country for the next 15 years. It is named after Bangladesh’s “Father of the Nation”- Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman.
  • Once operational, citizens of Bangladesh will gain access to the Internet, phone services, radio, backhaul, direct-to-home TV, and other related services.

http://www.iasexamcentre.com/community/images/arrow.jpgIndia’s clean energy capacity touches 70 GW

  • Union Ministry of New and Renewable Energy has stated that India’s installed clean energy capacity has already touched 70 GW as per data compiled on March 31, 2018.
  • 100 billion units of electricity was generated through renewables during last fiscal, which also is the highest ever so far.
  • R K Singh has reaffirmed government’s commitment to meet target of having 175 GW by 2022.

http://www.iasexamcentre.com/community/images/arrow.jpgTop 30 innovations showcased at marathon

  • To identify India’s best student innovators, Atal Tinkering Labs of the Atal Innovation Mission of NITI Aayog organized an Atal Tinkering Marathon.
  • It was a 6-month long challenge across 6 different areas, namely, clean energy, water resources, waste management, healthcare, smart mobility and agri-tech.
  • The goal of the student innovator programme is to test the innovations in the community.

http://www.iasexamcentre.com/community/images/arrow.jpgMahathir Mohamad sworn in as Malaysia’s PM

  • Mahathir Mohamad has been sworn in as the Prime Minister of Malaysia again after a shock election victory.
  • Mahathir’s coalition defeated the governing Barisan Nasional coalition, led by PM Najib Razak, which has been in power for more than 60 yrs.
  • The victory capped a dramatic comeback for Mahathir, who ruled the country for 22 yrs.
  • 92 year old, Mahathir becomes the oldest PM in the world.
  • Ninety-two-year-old Mahathir Mohamad was sworn in as the world’s oldest elected leader on 10 May 2018 after a stunning election win that swept Malaysia’s establishment from power after more than six decades.
  • In a huge upset, former strongman Mr. Mahathir’s Opposition alliance broke the grip on power of the Barisan Nasional (BN) coalition, which had governed Malaysia uninterrupted since its birth as an independent country in 1957.
  • It capped a dramatic political comeback for Mr. Mahathir, who previously ruled the country with an iron fist for 22 years and came out of retirement to take on Prime Minister Najib Razak after he became embroiled in a massive corruption scandal.
  • Official results showed that Mr. Mahathir’s coalition won 121 seats, comfortably more than the 112 required to rule.
  • In a ceremony at the national palace steeped in centuries-old Muslim Malay tradition, Mr. Mahathir was sworn in as Prime Minister by King Sultan Muhammad V.

http://www.iasexamcentre.com/community/images/arrow.jpgNew monetary limits for public sector banks

  • Monetary threshold for public sector banks to report frauds to departments of CBI for a probe has been revised.
  • Frauds of min. Rs 3 cr & to Rs 25 cr have to be reported to either CBIs Anti-Corruption Branch or to Economic Offences Wing.
  • According to RBI, cases of frauds involving more than Rs 25 cr & up to Rs 50 cr should be given to CBIs Banking Security & Fraud Cell.

http://www.iasexamcentre.com/community/images/arrow.jpg11th May: National Technology Day

Since 1999, May 11 is celebrated as National Technology Day to mark India’s technological advancements. National Technology Day 2018 theme: “Science and Technology for a Sustainable Future”.

  • On May 11, 1998, India detonated three nuclear bombs in the Indian Army’s Pokhran Test Range. Dr APJ Abdul Kalam lead the Indian team of scientists to successfully test-fire the Shakti-1 nuclear missile at Rajasthan’s Pokhran test range.
  • Hansa 3, India’s first indigenous aircraft was first tested on the same day in 1998 in Bangalore.
  • Successful test firing of Trishul, a short range missile made in India, was also done on the same day.
  • Every year, on this day, the Technology Development Board of India awards various individuals with national awards for their contribution to indigenous technology.

http://www.iasexamcentre.com/community/images/arrow.jpgSupreme Court Reserves Verdict On The Aadhar

  • The Supreme Court reserved its verdict on petitions challenging the Constitutional validity of the 2016 Aadhaar Act, which lasted for 38 working days spread over four months.
  • This was the second longest oral hearing in the history of the Supreme Court.
  • The first being the landmark Kesavananda Bharati case in which the apex court in 1973 outlined the basic structure of the Constitution.

http://www.iasexamcentre.com/community/images/arrow.jpgCentre changes tack in restive Valley

The Centre is set to roll out a calibrated policy for Jammu and Kashmir, with security forces asked to “arrest” newly recruited members and go after the hardened militants. The police, the Army and the CRPF are being asked to ensure that militants surrender during encounters.

  • A senior government official said that according to an assessment by the Central agencies, the emotional upsurge at funerals of militants killed in encounters was aiding recruitment by terror outfits.
  • He said there was consensus that the killings and encounters were not yielding the desired results.
  • Notching up a record, 64 terrorists were killed till May 6 this year in various operations — the highest in a decade for the period.
  • In the same period, as many as 42 men had joined the terrorist ranks.
  • For whole of 2017, recruitments to various terror groups stood at 147.
  • There has been a surge in local Kashmiri youth joining terror groups after the killing of Hizbul Mujahideen commander Burhan Wani in an encounter with security forces on July 8, 2016.
  • There were deliberations in the government if Mohammad Rafi Bhat, an assistant professor at Kashmir University, who was killed in less than 40 hrs after he joined the Hizbul Mujahideen, could have been arrested.
  • Bhat was killed on May 6, 2018 along with Hizb commander Saddam Padder, who has been active since September 2014.
  • “The young militants are barely trained and don’t last more than a couple of hours when cornered by the security forces. It has been decided that efforts will be made to either arrest or convince them to surrender,” said the official.

http://www.iasexamcentre.com/community/images/arrow.jpgMrinalini Sarabhai’s 100th birth anniversary

  • Google Doodle on 11th May celebrated the 100th birth anniversary of Mrinalini Sarabhai, the renowned Indian classical dancer.
  • Mrinalini married notable physicist Vikram Sarabhai who is considered to be the Father of the Indian Space Program.
  • Mrinalini was awarded the Padma Shri in 1965 and Padma Bhushan in 1992.
  • She was awarded the Sangeet Natak Akademi Fellowship New Delhi in 1994.

http://www.iasexamcentre.com/community/images/arrow.jpg19th National Technology Day

  • The country observed 19th National Technology Day on 11th May to commemorate the successful carrying out of the nuclear test at Pokhran in Rajasthan.
  • On the same day, India performed successful test firing of the Trishul Missile and test flying the first indigenous aircraft ‘Hansa-3’.
  • The country started observing the day as National Technology Day every year since 1999.