Daily Current Affairs (English) - 13.02.2018


National


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National Productivity Day

  • National Productivity Council is observing National Productivity Day On February 12th, 2018.National Productivity Week is also being celebrated 12th-18th February. It is the 60th anniversary of National Productivity Council and is being celebrated as Diamond Jubilee Year.
  • The NPC is national level organization to promote productivity culture in India established by Ministry of Industry, Government of India in 1958.The objective of NCP is stimulating and promoting productivity and quality consciousness across all sectors in the country. "Industry 4.0 Leapfrog Opportunity for India" has been selected as the National Productivity Week -2018.
  • It is not worth mentioning that the first industrial revolution was triggered by water and steam power to move from human labour to mechanical manufacturing. The second industrial revolution built on electricity production. The third used electronic and information technology to automate manufacturing. Now Industry 4.0 or the fourth industrial revolution as it is is emerging globally as a powerful force and is called the next industrial revolution.
  • Industry 4.0 would mean the convergence of real and virtual worlds in the upcoming phase in bringing together conventional and modern technologies in manufacturing. It is characterized by the increasing digitization and interconnection of products, value chains and business models.
  • Over its 59 years of existence, NPC has almost 140 full time consultants on its roll possessing a wide display of skill / expertise and a network of 13 regional offices at all major state capitals / industrial centers with Corporate Headquarters in New Delhi. NPC is a constituent of the Tokyo-based Asian Productivity Organization (APO), an Inter Governmental Body, of which the Government of India is a founder member.

Environment


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India State of Forest Report 2017

  • According to the biennial India State of Forest Report 2017, India posted a marginal 0.21% rise in the area under forest between 2015 and 2017. The document says that India has about 7,08,273 square kilometres of forest, which is 21.53% of the geographic area of ​​the country (32,87,569 sq. km).Getting India to have reached 33% of its area under forest has been a long standing goal of the government since 1988.
  • However, various editions of the SFR over the years, have reported around the forests as hovering around 21%. So the government also includes substantial patches of trees outside areas designated as forests - such as plantations or greenlands - in its assessment The total tree cover, according to this assessment, was 93,815 square kilometres or a 2% rise from about 92,500 square kilometres estimated in 2015.
  • Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Kerala topped the states that posted an increase in forest cover. Currently, 15 States and Union Territories have 33% of their geographical area under forests. In India's north-east, however, forest cover showed a decrease; 1,71,306 square kilometres, or 65.34%, of the geographical area was under forest and this was a 630 square kilometre decline from the 2015 assessment.
  • The category of 'very dense forest' - defined as a canopy cover over 70% - and an indicator of the quality of a forest, saw a dramatic rise from 85,904 square kilometres to 98,158 square kilometres this year but the category of 'moderately dense forest '(40% -70%) saw a 7,056 square kilometre-decline from 2015.
  • India is ranked 10th in the world, with 24.4% of land area under forest and tree cover, although it accounts for 2.4% of the world surface area and 17% of human and 18% livestock population needs to be sustained" said at a press conference.
  • The forest survey for the first time mapped 633 districts and relied on satellite-mapping. Earlier this year, the government ceased to define a bamboo as a tree to promote economic activity among tribals. The survey found that India's bamboo bearing area rose by 1.73 million hectares (2011) to 15.69 million hectares (2017).

International


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India – Oman: MOU

  • India and Oman have agreed to isolate the sponsors of international terrorism. The declaration on battling terrorism came at the end of Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s visit to the country during which both sides acknowledged that there was an “inter-linkage” between the stability of the Gulf region and the Indian subcontinent.
  • The two sides also emphasised the need to isolate the sponsors and supporters of terrorism and agreed that the international community should take urgent action against all such entities, which support terrorism and use it as an instrument of policy,” a joint statement issued at the end of Mr. Modi’s visit declared.
  • The visit to the strategically located country is of special significance as the monarchy, led by Sultan Qaboos bin Said for more than four decades, is soon likely to undergo a phase of succession .Indian officials last week thanked Oman for providing refuelling facilities to Indian ships and aircraft.
  • On military cooperation, the joint statement said: “The Indian side thanked Omani side for facilitating operational visits by Indian Naval ships and aircraft as well as Indian Air Force aircraft to various Omani ports and airports. The Omani side expressed appreciation of the training facilities provided to the Omani Royal Armed Forces personnel by India.”
  • A total of eight MoUs were signed on health, legal cooperation, tourism and military cooperation. Oman also expressed that it would like its scientists to be trained in Indian space research facilities.