Daily Current Affairs (English) - 13.08.2018

National

NIRMALA SITHARAMAN DEDICATES TO NATION BRIDGE AT HUSSAINIWALA BORDER IN PUNJAB

FEROZEPUR, PUNJAB: Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman inaugurated yesterday a strategically important bridge in Hussainiwala, which was was blown off during the 1971 Indo-Pakistan war to stop advance of enemy force's armoured units.After dedicating the 280-foot-long bridge to the nation, she said it connects Ferozepur with Hussainiwala barrage on the Sutlej river.

The bridge is the only lifeline for the residents of more than two dozen villages by connecting Hussainiwala enclave with the rest of the country, the minister said. During the 1971 Indo-Pakistan war, four spans of the bridge were demolished on the intervening night of December 3 and 4 to stop advance of enemy force's armoured units. After the war, a bailey bridge was built by the Army to restore road traffic. To replace this temporary 280-foot-long bailey bridge, construction of a permanent 82.40 metre bridge was entrusted to the Border Roads Organisation (BRO) in 2015.To enable construction and continuous passage of traffic, a temporary diversion bailey bridge was built by formation engineers in September 2016.

Bridges: During the Indo-Pak war on December 3, 1971, Husseiniwala bridge had only saved Ferozepur. At that time the Pak army had captured Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev's martyrdom site. Major Kanwaljit Singh Sandhu and Major SPS Baraich had put a bet on life, including 53 soldiers of the Patiala regiment to save it. In the end, the army stopped the Pakistani army from entering the country. After that there was a way to construct a wooden bridge and go to Hussainiwala border. In 1973, the then Chief Minister Giani Zail Singh had made a settlement with Pakistan and handed 10 of the villages of Phazilka to Pakistan to free the martyrdom site from Pakistan's occupation.

International

12 AUGUST: WORLD ELEPHANT DAY

World Elephant Day is celebrated every year on 12th August. World Elephant Day (WED) is being celebrated to spread awareness about the hand. On this day in India, the Wildlife Trust of India and the Festival of Gaj Mahotsav by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate is held. Its purpose is to make people aware about elephants' condition by painting and pictures.

Background:

  • It was first observed on August 12, 2012 as the International Elephant Day.
  • It was first started by Michael Clark and Patricia Simps (Canadian filmmaker) in 2011.
  • Its aim is to spread awareness on the protection of elephants, protect the elephants' natural habitat and prevent illegal illegal trade of ivory.
  • This day is celebrated by a total of 65 wildlife organizations around the world.
  • In the Red List of IUCN, African and Asian elephants have been kept as insecure species.
  • At present, the population of African elephants is about 4 lakhs, while the population of Asian elephants is approximately 40 thousand.

Science & Tech

 

NASA LAUNCHES PARKER SOLAR PROBE TO ‘TOUCH SUN’

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (Nasa) blasted off a $1.5 billion spacecraft toward the Sun on a historic mission to protect the Earth by unveiling the mysteries of dangerous solar storms. “Three, two, one and liftoff!” said a Nasa commentator as the Parker Solar Probe soared skyward aboard a Delta IV-Heavy rocket from Cape Canaveral, Florida, at 3.31 am.

Corona: Corona is made of plasma
It keeps surrounding the Sun and the stars as it is in the atmosphere. Unusually, its temperature is 300 times more than the Sun's surface. It also emits powerful plasma and intense energy particles, which can cause disturbances in the power grid located on Earth.

Objective: The purpose of NASA's mission is to study the effects of corona on the surface of the earth. Pictures of Corona will be taken through the spacecraft and the surface will be measured. Parker Solar probe aims to make 24 rounds of Corona in its seven-year mission. The equipment engaged in this vehicle will study the expansion of the corona and the solar wind.

Key Facts:

  • This vessel has been protected from only four and a half-inch (11.43 cm) thick heat resistant shield which will save it from the sun's temperature.

  • This intercity will pass through the distance of approximately 40 million miles of sun surface.

  • NASA has spent 103 billion rupees on this project. This vehicle is 9 feet 10 inches tall and weighs 612 kg.

  • When this mission passes near the Sun, then the temperature will be up to 2500 degree Celsius.

Parker Solar probe name: The 'Parker Solar probe' prepared in the US Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Lab has been named after American astronomer Eugene Parker.

Parker Solar probe is what? Parker Solar probe is a robotic speccraft. It was launched on August 6 from Cape Canaveral in the Province of Florida. This spacecraft will be more than seven times the Sun compared to other planets.

Helius-2 near the Sun: Germany's Space Agency and NASA, together with probes, called Helios-2, closest to the Sun in 1976. The probe was 4.30 million km from the Sun. The average distance of the Sun from Earth is 15 million km.

Appointment

GITA MITTAL

Justice Gita Mittal was sworn in as the Chief Justice of the Jammu and Kashmir High Court today.She is the first female Chief Justice of the Jammu and Kashmir High Court.She was administered the oath of office by Governor of Jammu and Kashmir, NN Vohra at Raj Bhavan in Srinagar.Justice Mittal is an alumna of Campus Law Centre, Delhi University, and began practising in 1981.She was appointed as an Additional Judge of Delhi High Court in July 2004 and was confirmed in February 2006.She has been serving as the Acting Chief Justice of the High Court since April 2017.

Games

NEERAJ CHOPRA TO BE INDIA'S FLAG-BEARER AT ASIAN GAMES 2018

Asian javelin throw champion Neeraj Chopra will be India's flag bearer in the opening ceremony of the Asian Games 2018, scheduled to be held in Indonesia from August 18, the Indian Olympic Association (IOA) announced .IOA president Narinder Batra made the announcement at the send-off ceremony of the Indian squad here at a city hotel. Neeraj, 20, is one of India's brightest prospects to win a gold medal at the Asiad as he registered a season-best effort of 86.47 meters in men's javelin throw at the 2018 Commonwealth Games (CWG).In May 2018, the 2016 U-20 world champion broke the national record at the Doha Diamond League with a throw of 87.43 meters.

Death

V S NAIPAUL

Nobel Prize winner for Literature British author V S Naipaul (85-year) has passed away in London. Has written about 30 books, although it was the novel "A House for Mr. Biswas" that launched him to fame.He won the Nobel Prize for Literature (in 2001) and Booker Prize (in 1971).He was a Trinidadian by birth, an Indian by descent and in terms of citizenship he was British.