List of Important Indian Mathematicians From Ancient to Modern Times

Indian mathematicians and their contribution to Science and Mathematics


  • He is also known as Bhaskaracharya.
  • He was born in 1114.
  • He was the one who acknowledged that any number divided by zero is infinity and that the sum of any number and infinity is also infinity.
  • The famous book “Siddhanta Siromani” was written by him.


  • He was born in 476 CE at Kusumapura.
  • He was regarded as the first of the major mathematician-astronomers from the classical age.
  • Aryabhaṭiya and Arya-siddhanta were his known works.
  • He worked on the ‘place value system’ using letters to signify numbers and stating qualities.
  • He discovered the position of nine planets and found that these planets revolve around the sun.
  • He also described the correct number of days in a year that is 365.


  • He was born in 598 near present day Rajasthan.
  • The most significant contribution of Brahmagupta was the introduction and computing methods of zero (0) to mathematics.

Srinivasa Ramanujan

  • He was born on 1887.
  • His important contributions to this field are
  • Hardy-Ramanujan-Littlewood circle method in number theory
  • Roger-Ramanujan’s identities in partition of numbers
  • Work on algebra of inequalities
  • Elliptic functions
  • Continued fractions
  • Partial sums and products of hypergeometric series

P.C. Mahalanobis

  • P.C. Mahalanobis was born in 1893.
  • He is known for
  • Mahalanobis distance
  • Feldman–Mahalanobis model

Calyampudi Radhakrishna Rao

  • R Rao was born in 1920.
  • He is a well-known statistician.
  • He is famous for his ‘Theory of estimation’.
  • He is known for
  • Cramer–Rao bound
  • Rao–Blackwell theorem
  • Orthogonal arrays
  • Score test

R. Kaprekar

  • R. Kaprekar was a recreational mathematician.
  • He discovered several results in number theory, comprising a class of numbers and a constant named after him.

Satyendranath Bose

  • He was born in 1894.
  • He is known for his collaboration withAlbert Einstein.
  • He is best known for his work on quantum mechanics.
  • He famous contributions are
  • Bose–Einstein correlations
  • Bose–Einstein condensate
  • Bose–Einstein distribution
  • Bose–Einstein statistics
  • Boson
  • Bose gas
  • Photon gas
  • Ideal Bose equation of state


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